International Day of Remembrance of Victims of Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes
In 2009 European Parliament called in its resolution "European conscience and totalitarianism" for the proclamation of 23 August as a Europe-wide Day of Remembrance for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, also condemning the crimes of nazism and communism. Victims of nazism and communism are commemorated on this day in many European states and Northern America. The day chosen is not accidental - on 23 August 1939 minister of foreign affairs on Hitler's Germany Ribbentrop and Soviet Union Molotov sighed in Moscow the Nonaggression Pact. The secret protocols of this pact separated Europe to two spheres of influence and triggered the occupation of independent states, mass repressions and the World War II. This criminal pact is named also as "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact" and "Hitler-Stalin Pact".