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Corruption, Culture, and Communism

Sandholtz, W. and Taagepera, R., 'Corruption, Culture, and Communism,' International Review of Sociology, Vol. 15, No. 1, March (2005)

Sandholtz, W. and Taagepera, R., 26. November 2013

Cultural factors, as measured by the two dimensions of values identified by Inglehart, explain 75% of the variation in the Perceived Corruption Index across non-communist countries. A strong ‘survival' orientation contributes twice as much as a strong ‘traditional' orientation to higher levels of corruption. When controlling for these cultural variables, communism and post-communism increase the levels of corruption even further, both directly and by contributing to heavier emphasis on survival values. Communism created structural incentives for engaging in corrupt behaviors, which became such a widespread fact of life that they became rooted in the culture in these societies